Introduction to Periodontal Disease
Periodontal disease (or periodontitis and gum disease) is an inflammatory condition that affects supporting and surrounding soft tissues of the tooth. In its most advanced stage, the disease affects the jawbone itself.
People generally get Periodontal disease by getting gingivitis, which is a bacterial infection of the gum tissue. Bacteria on the gum tissue can start to irritate and inflame gum tissues. The bacteria infection colonizes in the gum pockets between the teeth, making it much more difficult to remove and treat effectively.If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings. This condition becomes Periodontal disease and eventually leads to the destruction of the connective tissue and jawbone. If left untreated, it can cause shifting teeth, loose teeth, and eventually tooth loss.
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss among adults in the developed world and should always be promptly treated. The dentist can catch Periodontal disease in early stages and help you ensure that it does not spread.
How do we Treat Periodontal Disease?
Each patient needs to be individually assessed for proper treatment. There are lots of surgical and nonsurgical treatments and a proper treatment will be chosen based on the conditions of the jawbone, gums, and teeth.
Here are some of the more common treatments for periodontal disease:
Scaling and root planing – To preserve healthy gum treatments, the bacteria and tartar is removed. Gum pockets get cleaned and treated with antibiotics, if necessary. The dentist may prescribe prescription mouthwash.
Tissue regeneration – When bone and gum tissues are destroyed, the dentist can use grafting procedures to encourage gum growth. regrowth can be actively encouraged using grafting procedures. A membrane may be inserted into the affected areas to assist in the regeneration process.
Pocket elimination surgery – During flap surgery, the dentist redices the pocket size between the teeth and gums.
- Dental implants – Sometimes, periodontal disease causes tooth loss. A dentist can replace the tooth by implanting prosthetic teeth into the jawbone. Learn more about implants here. aesthetics and functionality of the mouth can be restored by implanting prosthetic teeth into the jawbone. Tissue regeneration procedures may be required prior to the placement of a dental implant in order to strengthen the bo
Once your periodontal treatment has been completed, your dentist and dental hygienist will recommend that you have regular maintenance cleanings (periodontal cleanings), usually four times a year. At these cleaning appointments, the pocket depths will be carefully checked to ensure that they are healthy. Plaque and calculus that is difficult for you to remove on a daily basis will be removed from above and below the gum line.
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